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Omaha Hi/Lo - Game Rules


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Casino game rules
 Omaha Hi/Lo  Pacific Poker  
Omaha Hi/Lo
Play NOW Pacific PokerPacific Poker Cassava Enterprises Ltd.Cassava Enterprises Ltd.    Poker

Game Rules

In the game of Omaha Hi/Lo, each Table has both a Lower and Higher Limit Stake (Betting amount). A Table’s Lower Limit Stake is always half the Higher Limit Stake (i.e. a $1/$2 Table, or a $5/$10 Table).

In the first two Betting Rounds (see the Betting Rounds below), of a Omaha Hi/Lo game, Members Bet (wager) in multiples of that Table’s Lower Limit Stake.

In the final two Betting Rounds, of a Omaha Hi game, Members Bet in multiples of that Table’s Higher Limit Stake.

The Buy-in

In order to Sit-in (join) a Pacific Poker Omaha Hi/Lo Table, Members must purchase a minimum amount of Chips to play with (“Buy-in”). At Pacific Poker, the minimum Buy-in amount is 10 times the Lower Limit Stake of that particular table (i.e. at a $1/$2 Table the Member must Buy-in with a minimum of $10).

Posting

A Member entering a Pacific Poker Omaha Hi/Lo Table is required to pay an initial fee (“Post”), equal to that Table’s Lower Limit Stake. The Post follows the same rules as the Blind Bets (see The Blind Bets below) and allows the Member to Sit-in at the Table.

Members have the option of "Sitting Out", and waiting for the Big Blind before beginning to play. Posting ensure fairness to all Members, by preventing players from entering a Poker game in a Late Position in order to avoid placing Blind Bets.

The Dealer (The "Button")

In Pacific Poker’s Omaha Hi/Lo, the Members take turns acting as the Dealer. The Dealer is identified by the Button: .

After each hand, the Dealer Button moves left, in a clockwise fashion, to the next Member who is Sitting-in at the Table.

The Blind Bets

In Pacific Poker’s Omaha Hi/Lo, Antes do not “seed” the Pot. Instead, the Pot is formed, initially, through the use of “mandatory” bets, known as "Blind Bets".

The first Blind Bet, known as the Small Blind, is posted by the first Member Sitting-in to the left of the Dealer in a clockwise fashion. The amount of the Small Blind Bet is half of that Table’s Lower Limit Stake. On Tables with Lower Limits Stakes greater than $1, the Small Blind is rounded down to the nearest dollar.

The second Blind Bet, known as the "Big Blind", is posted by the second Member Sitting-in to the left of the Dealer in a clockwise fashion. The amount of the Big Blind Bet is equal to that Table’s Lower Limit Stake.

Both the Big and Small Blinds, in Omaha Hi/Lo Poker, are considered “Live” (active) Bets and therefore, according to Poker rules, can be Checked, Called, Raised or Folded.

Missing the Blind Bets

Occasionally, a Member may choose to temporarily Sit-out from a Table:
  1. If, while Sitting-out, the Member misses his/her turn to place the Small Blind, upon re-Sitting-in that Member will be required to Post. This Post consists of a live Bet equal to the Big Blind.
  2. If, while Sitting-out, the Member misses his/her turn to place either the Big Blind or both the Small Blind and the Big Blind, upon re-Sitting-in, that Member will be required to Post. This Post consists of a live Bet equal to the Big Blind, plus an additional “Dead” (non-active) Bet, equal to the Small Blind , which is donated by the Member directly to the Pot.

The Betting Round

Pacific Poker’s Omaha Hi/Lo follows the conventional Poker Betting Round Structure.

There are four possible Betting Rounds in Pacific Poker’s Omaha Hi/Lo. The first two Betting Rounds are set at that Table’s Lower Limit Stake. The last two Betting Rounds are set at that Table’s Higher Limit Stake.

After the Members’ Pocket Cards are dealt, the first Betting Round is initiated by the first Member Sitting-in, in a clockwise fashion to the left of the Big Blind.

After each of the subsequent three deals ("The Flop", "The Turn " and "The River "), in which the Community Boardcards are dealt, the Betting Rounds are initiated by the first active (who has not Folded) Member, in a clockwise fashion, to the left of the Dealer.

Betting Rounds always proceed in a clockwise fashion, from one active Member to the next. Each Member must either: Pacific Poker’s Omaha Hi/Lo follows the conventional Poker Betting Round Structure.

There are four possible Betting Rounds in Pacific Poker’s Omaha Hi/Lo. The first two Betting Rounds are set at that Table’s Lower Limit Stake. The last two Betting Rounds are set at that Table’s Higher Limit Stake.

After the Members’ Pocket Cards are dealt, the first Betting Round is initiated by the first Member Sitting-in, in a clockwise fashion to the left of the Big Blind.

After each of the subsequent three deals ("The Flop", "The Turn " and "The River "), in which the Community Boardcards are dealt, the Betting Rounds are initiated by the first active (who has not Folded) Member, in a clockwise fashion, to the left of the Dealer.

Betting Rounds always proceed in a clockwise fashion, from one active Member to the next. Each Member must either:

  1. Check – Pass the option to act to the next active Member.
  2. Bet – Place a Betting Round’s initial increase to the amount that each of the following Members must place in the Pot, in order to remain in the game.
  3. Raise – Place a Betting Round’s 2nd, 3rd or 4th increase to the amount that each of the following Members must place in the Pot, in order to remain in the game.
  4. Call – Equal the previous active Member’s Betting amount in that Betting Round and remain in the game (In the first Betting Round each Member must at least equal the amount of the Big Blind).
  5. Fold – Discard hand and no longer remain active to participate in that game. The Member forfeits the amount (if any) that he/she has previously Bet during that game.

In keeping with conventional Poker rules, within each Betting Round there can be no more than one Bet and three additional Raises ("Raise", “Reraise” & "Cap"). Once a Cap occurs, the following Members will only be able to Call or Fold.

A Betting Round is concluded when:

  1. All active Members have Checked in Turn. or
    All active Members have matched the last Member to increase the amount (Bet/Raise) to be placed in the Pot, during that Betting Round. or
  2. All previous Members have chosen to Fold, leaving only one active Player. This last remaining player automatically receives the Pot. In this case both the Betting Round and game are automatically terminated.

The Showdown

Once the fourth Betting Round is completed, if more than one Member remains active in the game, there is a "Showdown". In the Showdown, each active Member utilizes any 2 of his/her 4 Pocket cards and any 3 of the 5 Community Boardcards, to create the highest valued and/or lowest valued qualifying 5 card Poker hand (see Poker Hand Value Chart below).

Pacific Poker follows Standard Poker Rules for determining Poker hand value (see Poker Hand Value Chart below).

  1. The active Member who creates the highest valued Poker hand wins 50% of the Pot, minus the percentage of the Pot won by any Members holding higher valued All-in hands (see Pacific Poker's All-in Policy below) and the "Rake" (see "Limits, Antes and Rake" section of this site).
  2. The active Member who creates the lowest valued Poker hand wins 50% of the Pot, minus the percentage of the Pot won by any Members holding lower valued All-in hands and the "Rake".
    1. In order to qualify as the lowest valued Poker hand, the Member must create a Poker hand containing no card higher than an 8.
    2. Straights or Flushes are not applied when vying for the lowest valued Poker hand (i.e. and A-2-3-4-5 is the lowest valued Poker hand).
  3. An active Member who creates both the highest and the lowest valued Poker hands wins 100% of the Pot, minus the percentage of the Pot won by any Members holding higher or lower valued All-in hands and the "Rake".
    1. No "Crossovers" are permitted in Omaha Hi/Lo (i.e. a Q-K-A-2-3 is not valued as a Straight).
  4. If non of the active Members are able to create a qualifying Lo hand the Member with the highest valued Poker hand wins 100% of the Pot, minus the percentage of the Pot won by any Members holding higher or lower valued All-in hands and the "Rake".
If the active Member with the highest and/or lowest valued Poker hand is "All-in" (see All-in below), that Member receives the appropriate percentage (50% or 100%) of the Pot total, up until the time that they were All-in. (An Omaha Hi/Lo Poker game can have as many All-in Pots as there are active Members, minus one.) The remainder of the Pot goes to the active Member(s) with the next highest and/or lowest valued Poker hand(s).

Tie Hands

In the event that 2 or more active Members, participating in the Poker hand’s Showdown, hold equal ranking (by combination) hands, the winner is determined by the highest and/or lowest card (i.e. a pair of Aces beats a pair of Kings for the Hi hand and a 2 beats a 3 for the Low hand).

Should the Poker hands remain tied (i.e. a pair of Kings vs. a pair of Kings or low card 2 vs. low card 2), the highest and/or lowest valued card not held in common (the “Kicker”) determines the game’s winner(s).

In the event of exact ties in Poker hand value, between 2 or more active Members, the appropriate percentage of the Table’s Pot will be split evenly between those Members. In the event of extra odd Chip(s) the first winning Member to the left of the Dealer, in a clockwise fashion, will receive the odd Chip(s).

Auto Muck Losing Hand

Members participating in the Showdown, whose hands are of a lower value than an already showing hand, are offered the option to not show (“Muck”) their losing hands to the other participants at the Table. The automatic Mucking of non-winning hands protects Members from unknowingly revealing his/her hand to the Table’s other participants.

If a Member checks the “Auto Muck Losing Hand” box, his/her non-winning hand will automatically be Mucked, if there are higher valued hands already showing.

If a Member wins a hand by virtue of being the only remaining active Member, his/her winning hand will not be shown to the other Members participating at the Table by default. If this Member presses the “Show Hand” button, his/her winning hand will be shown to the other Members.

Pacific Poker’s All-in Policy

Pacific Poker’s All-in Policy has been developed to protect Members in the following circumstances:

Pacific Poker’s All-in Policy has been developed to protect Members in the following circumstances:
  1. A Member wishes to continue playing his/her hand in the current game, but has run out of Chips. or
  2. A Member has been disconnected from the Pacific Poker Server in the middle of a game.
  1. If a Member finishes his/her Chips in the middle of a Poker game, but does not wish to Fold his/her hand, the hand will be automatically considered "All-in":
    1. The All-in hand will remain live for consideration during the Showdown, and the Member will no longer be required or able to take additional actions throughout the rest of the hand.
    2. The Table’s Pot will be automatically split to visually demonstrate the All-in status.
      1. An Omaha Hi/Lo Poker game can have as many split All-in Pots as there are active Members, minus one.
      2. In the event of additional All-ins, the Pot will continue to be split accordingly.
      3. A maximum of 5 split All-in Pots are visible on the Pacific Poker Omaha Hi/Lo Table, but the Pot will continue to be split additionally as necessary.
    3. All-in hands will be eligible for consideration during the game's Showdown.
      1. If the All-in Member's hand is of the highest and/or lowest value, that Member will receive the appropriate percentage (50% or 100%) of the Table's Pot, up until the time that he/she was All-in and the Pot was split.
      2. The remainder of the Table'’s split Pot (after the time that the highest and/or lowest valued hand(s) were All-in) will be presented to the Member(s) holding the second highest and/or lowest valued Poker hand(s) (if this Member is also All-in, return Pacific Poker's All-in Policy section 1-c-i, above).
  2. If a Member is disconnected from the Pacific Poker Server in the middle of a Poker game, they will be automatically considered All-in:
    1. The Member’s hand will remain live for the rest of that game and its status will be that of All-in (see Pacific Poker’s All-in Policy section 1-a).
    2. Members are permitted a total of no more than 2 All-ins due to disconnection within any 24-hour period.
    3. If a Member has utilized all of his/her remaining All-ins and is disconnected from the Pacific Poker Server, his/her hand will be automatically Folded and they will forfeit the amount (if any) that he/she has previously placed in the Pot during that game.
    4. Thereafter, Members will not be permitted to utilize either type of additional All-ins until this 24-hour period has expired.

Poker’s 1-on-1 Omaha Hi/Lo Poker

Pacific Poker is pleased to offer its Members 1-on-1 Omaha Hi/Lo Poker Tables. In 1-on-1 Omaha Hi/Lo Poker, all rules stated above apply, with the following exceptions:

  1. The Dealer posts the Small Blind.
  2. The other Member Posts the Big Blind.
  3. In the deal of the Member’s Pocket Cards, the Dealer receives the first card.
  4. The Dealer initiates the first Betting Round.
  5. There is no Posting in 1-on-1 Omaha Hi/Lo Poker.


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